Water is the necessity for survival, and it would not be wrong to claim that there will not be any life on the Earth without it. Approximately 75 percent of the human body is water, and it needs water to perform almost all the functions. Water is not only critical for a human being, but it is vital for plants, animals, and the healthy growth of crops too. Although people on a larger scale recognize the importance of water, they often neglect the significance of clean water.
Health experts strongly emphasize consuming clean water. They advise the intake of adequate amount of pure water to prevent illnesses. Besides, clean water is a source of nourishment, as it helps in maintaining a healthy body. Moreover, we use it for cooking purposes as well. Cooking with impure water gives room to bacteria, fungi, and viruses to grow, and weakens our immunity. Apart from health, clean water is necessary for maintaining hygiene. Due to the outbreak of COVID-19, sanitization and cleanliness have taken a focal point. It is one of the significant ways of preventing it. Disinfecting surfaces with contaminated water can have the opposite effect as it will give rise to the disease.
Water contamination is often a regular occurrence in water supplies. Although consumption of impure or contaminated water can have adverse effects on health, officials do not seem to take significant measures to prevent it. More and more people are becoming aware of the importance of clean water. They are thus looking for ways to purify water at their end. There are several ways of cleansing it, and water pressure tank installation is one effective solution. Readymade water purification solutions can be expensive, but the good news is that there are several ways of purifying the water.
Below we are listing some of DIY water purification systems for your home, which is economical yet practical:
- Charcoal Water Purifier
A charcoal water purifier does not need expertise. You can easily construct it at home to filter contaminated water, and it will save you from getting ill. The purification system requires preferably fresh charcoal, cylindrically shaped containers, grass or sand, a big stone, and a 2-liter volume plastic bottle. Cut the bottle in half, and you can use the upper part of it as a funnel. The next step is to poke some holes in a bottle cap, turn the upper part of the bottle upward down, and put it on a container. The first layer in the jar should be of charcoal, which you might need to crush using a large stone. Then, you need to add grass or sand to the top of the charcoal. Now your water purification system is ready, and you can pour the water into the funnel. The sand/grass and charcoal will filter the impurities out, and holes will slowly drain the water into a container.
- Stove Top Distiller
Clean water that is suitable for drinking is also called potable water. With health concerns on the rise, most of us are not keen on drinking tap water; however, we can make a water purifier at home and filter tap water.
You will need stainless steel-feed through a high temperature proof plastic hose, a glass jug, a metal pot, a stove, and water. The first step is to clean all the components with warm water and detergent thoroughly. Wipe them off and then make a hole in the lid of the metal pot. Fill the metal pot with water, cover it with the lid, and turn on the flame. Next, insert a seed-through fitting through the hole of the top. As the temperature rises and water starts to evaporate, it will make its way through stainless steel feedthrough fitting. Let the water boil for five minutes, then attach a clean plastic hose to the feedthrough and place the other end of the tube in a glass jug. Impurities that seed- through could not filter out, and the hose will collect it and purify it. The water in glass jug will be safe to drink or cook.
- Bio- Filter
A sophisticated and polished version of charcoal purifier is, bio-filter. If you have a two-liter plastic bottle, activated charcoal, a clean cloth, sand, and some mesh, you are good to go. Cut the bottom part of the bottle, and turn it upside down, so that you can use it as a funnel. Line the opening on a bottle with cloth, add activated charcoal, a layer of sand and then make gravel at the top. Make sure that you do not stuff it up, and have some room for water. Slowly pour the water down. The layers will attract the impurity like the magnet attracts iron, leaving the clean water for consumption.
- Home-made Water Filter
The material you need includes fine sand, pebbles, rubber band, spoon, stopwatch, one tablespoon alum, a half -a liter of impure water. It would help if you also had a 2-liter plastic bottle with a lid, another 2-liter bottle cut in half, two cups, and coarse sand. Pour the water in a container with lid and shake the bottle with full vigor for thirty seconds. Now pour the water back and forth in two cups. Pour the water into the half-cut bottle and add alum. Secure a filter paper with a rubber band on the mouth of a bottle and turn it upside down. Now you need to make a layer of pebbles, on the top of it add coarse sand, and lastly, fine sand. Pour the swamp water and let it pass all these layers. The water that will pour out will be clean.
- Water Filter
All it requires is coffee filters, some sand, stones, and a funnel. Put the funnel in a container and insert a screen inside. Then, fill the filter with some sand and rocks. Slowly pour the water in the funnel and let it pass through the rocks and sand. The water will leave the contaminated particles behind, and clean water will pass through the filter. Water in the container will be safe to use.
Due to the spread of the COVID-19, most people are becoming conscious about their health and are taking measures to keep themselves safe and healthy. Water consumption is essential for survival, but many nations do not have access to clean water. Drinking impure water has dire consequences, and people must make sure that the water they consume is free of contaminations. Although many readymade water filters are available in the market, you can easily prepare a water purification system. One tip from health experts is to boil water after purifying so that there are no bacteria left in the water. Hopefully, the ideas mentioned above will help you to create the most suitable water-purification system for your home.