OPEC’s Influence on the International Oil Market

Many of the world’s biggest oil companies are part of a group named the Petroleum-Exporting Countries Organization (OPEC). Since 2016 on, OPEC and other leading oil-producing nations, the non-OPEC, created a more efficient group, which has the OPEC Plus concise name. The goal is to monitor the price of crude oil as the precious fossil fuel. OPEC+ manages about 50% of world oil supply and nearly 90% of confirmed oil supplies. They have a significant effect on oil markets. Throughout the long run, the capacity to control oil markets has been weakened primarily by limited conditions than those of OPEC+.

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Oil Price and Supply

As a community, OPEC member states collectively agree on how much petroleum can be distributed, which has a direct impact on the global demand for ready crude oil supplies. As a result, OPEC affects the world oil markets and aims, of course, to keep it relatively elevated so that productivity can be maximized.

OPEC+ agreement to curb production also contributes to an imminent rise in oil prices. In time, the price rises to the point that is typically lower because production does not decline or demand is changed dramatically.

Market Forces

OPEC annunciations will briefly affect the price of oil by modifying standards. In the end, the supply and demand factors are deciding the market equilibrium. Another illustration is the reduction in OPEC share in the global petroleum supply, with additional supplies from outside nations, including the U.S. and Canada being altered.

In March 2020, Russia, the world’s second-leading export country and probably the second-important operator in the recently formed OPEC failed to reach an agreement on reducing output to stabilize the price of oil, as an original OPEC member along with a major exporter and a hugely important oil market. Saudi Arabia has repressed dramatically by improving demand. This rapid rise in production emerged at a period when the world is struggling with COVID-19 pandemic and global demand for oil decreased.

Oil markets plummeted in the spring of 2020 in the wake of a COVID-19, the global pandemic. OPEC and its partners committed to major market stability reductions, but they have declined to weaker rates for 20 years.


As a result, OPEC+’s aim is to maintain oil prices at a higher level than required, by supply and demand law which is overruled by the economy, which is the ultimate arbiter of prices. In addition to proving that market influences, particularly in free economies, are higher than any monopoly, this episode also lent credence to the idea that the interests of individual countries are going to overpower government policy.  Crude oil costs roughly $30 a barrel from 14th April 2020, unlike the previous year, a level not seen since 2004, while WTI Crude oil costs $20.5 per barrel, a level not seen since 2002. As of 21st April 2020, Crude oil barrel went into the negative and caused mass destruction of countries whose economies are oil-based.